By Rolf H. Bremmer Jr.
This can be the 1st textual content booklet to supply a complete method of outdated Frisian. half One starts off with a succinct survey of the historical past of the Frisians throughout the heart a while, their society and literary tradition. subsequent keep on with chapters at the phonology, morphology, notice formation and syntax of previous Frisian. This half is concluded through a bankruptcy at the outdated Frisian dialects and one on difficulties in regards to the periodization of Frisian and the shut dating among (Old) Frisian and (Old) English. half contains a reader with a consultant collection of twenty-one texts with explanatory notes and an entire thesaurus. A bibliography and a pick out index entire the publication. Written by way of an skilled instructor and researcher within the box, An advent to previous Frisian is an important source for college kids and researchers of Frisian, outdated English and different ‘Old’ Germanic languages and cultures, and for medievalists operating during this region. The moment unrevised 2011 reprint of the unique variation comprises a number of corrections.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary
Compare OFris slā ‘to strike’ (Gmc *slahan) and OE slēan (< *sl5han), OFris drega ‘to carry’ (< *dragan) and OE dragan. §41 Chronology On the assumption that breaking is a later change, which seems likely, then *5, the fronting product of WGmc *a, did not fall together with WGmc *e until at least after breaking (§48). (6) Palatalization and assibilation of velar plosives §42 Process Palatalization involves the partial assimilation of the velar plosives k and g to adjacent front vowels (though not those front vowels deriving from i-mutaion) and /j/.
Flucht ‘he flees’, beside fliucht(h). , the second vowel in helpe ‘he may help’, the second and third in Drochtenes ‘of the Lord’, etc. §74 Long-vowel system The Old Frisian long vowels can be arranged as follows: front central back [i ˜] [u ˜] [e ˜] [o ˜] [ε ˜] [f ˜] [a ˜] §75 Long vowels a. , rῑda ‘to ride’. ῑ b. , fῑf ‘five’, sῑth ‘companion’. , nῑ ‘new’, hlῑ ‘cover, protection’ (< *hliwi, instrumental case of *hlewa-), knῑ ‘knee’ (cf. hlῑ). , lῑth ‘he lies (down)’ (< *ligith, with palatalized medial consonant, §42).
G. geschwind) o + N (< a + N): • bōs ‘cattle-shed, byre’, attested as the first element in late OWFris boes-doer ‘door of ~’ (Gmc *band-sa- ‘stand in cattle-shed’, related to ‘to bind’, with early loss of -d- in consonant cluster); cf. pl. ]; ON báss, OE bōsih • bōste ‘marriage’ (Gmc *band-sti- ‘bond’, with early loss of -d- in consonant cluster) • brōchte ‘brought’ (Gmc *branhta-); later shortened to brocht • *gōs ‘goose’ (Gmc *gans-); cf. , in the name Rēdnōth (< Gmc *nanþa-); cf. nētha below, and ModWFris noed ‘care, responsibility’ • *ōs(e) ‘hole for a lace’ (Gmc *ans-); cf.