By Kim Johan Holmberg
The aim of any examine review is to guage the price or caliber of the learn compared to different study. As caliber is very subjective and hard to degree, citations are used as a proxy. Citations are an enormous a part of scholarly communique and an important component to examine overview, with the belief being that hugely stated paintings has motivated the paintings of many different researchers and for that reason it really is extra worthy. lately we've seen new on-line info resources being researched for this goal and disruptive rules with the ability to alter study evaluate, and maybe even technology as an entire, were born. Altmetrics is the recent learn region that investigates the opportunity of those new facts resource as symptoms of the influence that examine has made at the clinical group and past, and therefore in all likelihood additionally as symptoms of the societal influence of study. This publication will current a few of these new info resources, findings from previous altmetrics study, and the disruptive principles which could seriously change scholarly communication.
- Presents the various key principles and recommendations in previous learn which have been riding the evolution from bibliometrics to webometrics, and with the arrival of social media to altmetrics
- Discusses the shortcomings and pitfalls of bibliometrics in study review and the opportunity of altmetrics to beat a few of these shortcomings
- Presents probably the most vital info resources of altmetrics, the aggregators, and the various stakeholders
- Reviews present study approximately altmetrics and discusses attainable destiny trends
- Presents the way to degree and mixture altmetrics in accordance with the extent of influence or form of effect they represent
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Extra resources for Altmetrics for information professionals : past, present and future
But the meaning of impact is changing and forms of impact other than scientific impact alone are increasingly being taken into account in research evaluations. Because citations are an important part of scholarly communication and created by researchers, they cannot tell anything about the potential impact a research has had on other aspects of society. , through increased productivity and skills), cultural impact (contributions to the cultural capital of a country), and environmental impact of research (contributions to the natural capital of a country, by, for instance, reducing waste and pollution), but citations alone cannot be a reliable indicator for these as they are much more complex and multivariate phenomena than citations.
The standard today is that at least 3 years is needed for enough citations to be accumulated for reliable analyses (although even the 3-year window has been questioned (Bornmann & Leydesdorff, 2014)). , 2010). The 3-year window, however, may be good for research fields that are fast moving, but not all fields are like that. It has also been shown that researchers are increasingly citing older work (Larivière, Gingras, & Archambault, 2009). Larivière et al. ” Researchers at Google Inc. , 2014). Measuring the impact only of the most recent articles and using a short window of time for the citations to accumulate may therefore not be able to give an accurate picture of what is being cited and how they are being cited.
Is there a difference if your work is cited by a Nobel laureate or by some (still) unknown PhD student? It would seem that the former has more impact, as Frandsen and Nicolaisen (2013) showed how a sudden increase in attention and citations (due to winning a Nobel’s prize) to a single paper also influenced the citation counts to the papers it referenced, creating a ripple effect of impact. If we think about citations and hyperlinks as being technically similar, the assumption that search engines use when ranking websites is that all hyperlinks are not equal.