By Victoria Sandilands, Paul M. Hocking
How chook are housed and controlled as a way to ascertain profitability, sustainability, and stable degrees of animal welfare are the demanding concerns that advertisement chicken keepers face, really the place laws is bringing approximately felony necessities for housing. This publication compares and contrasts replacement housing with traditional and conventional structures for advertisement bird (laying hens, meat chickens, turkeys, waterfowl and gamebirds) just about welfare, disorder, wellbeing and fitness, foodstuff, sustainability and genotype-environment interplay.
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Additional resources for Alternative systems for poultry : health, welfare and productivity
Direct action (by government) Armed forces Force of law Forceful Minimum standards set Immediate Transparent Weaknesses May not prevent events resulting from accidents or irrational behaviour Intervention in management Incentive to meet, not exceed standard Costly Inflexible Welfare inspections by state veterinarians Can separate infrastructure and local authorities from operation Border controls Danger of being perceived as 'heavy handed' 4. Public compensation/social Unemployment benefit insurance Compensation for animals slaughtered for welfare reasons during 2001 FMD outbreak Cross compliance Pillar II monies for farm animal welfare improvements Insurance provides economic incentives May provide adverse incentives Can be costly to tax payers 5.
The Conventions of the Council of Europe (COE) and their Recommendations focused on the provisions of resources and duty of care to meet the needs of animals. They are part of the aquis of the European Union (EU) and are incorporated into some national legislations as well as being used as the basis for private standards. The European single market harmonized welfare and health rules, methods of production and labelling for hen's eggs and chicken meat, so allowing consumers to buy foods with known provenance.
G. Pritchard 36 freedom of movement, staffing, inspection, disease treatment, records, housing, environment, equipment, mutilations and breeding procedures. Article 3 of ETS 87 states that: Animals shall be housed and provided with food, water and care in a manner which, having regard to their species and their degree of development, adaptation and domestication, is appropriate to their physiological and ethological needs in accordance with established experience and scientific knowledge. 3). Each Recommendation defines the biological characteristics of the species including its origin and domestication, behaviours in nature including social behaviour, communication, any special cognitive and physiological aspects including breeding, and summarizes salient features of farming systems.