By Matthew F. Shaw
Booklet via Shaw, Matthew F.
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Additional resources for After the Insanity Defense: When the Acquitted Return to the Community (Criminal Justice: Recent Scholarship)
50 Using stepwise discriminant procedures, they calculated structure coefficients for numerous variables identified as predictors of recidivism in the literature. 51). In two prior studies,51 prior arrests were associated with increased likelihood of criminal recidivism. 52 Therefore, males with criminal histories appear to be the most vulnerable acquittees to recidivate. 6% correct predictions). Broader Results The results from the New York studies are part of a more expansive literature. Both Appendix A and Table 1 outline the results of each of the twenty studies included in the present review.
In other words, not all people who are arrested are convicted. Therefore, arrest rates should always be higher than or equal to conviction rates. Similarly, police contact rates should always be higher than or equal to arrest rates. 108 If more studies obtained such proportions, a standardized “conversion rate” could be calculated. However, there is not enough data to integrate these results adequately. Therefore, the external validity of the results is limited. ii. Data Collection Procedures: The means by which data were collected also varied considerably between studies.
The discrepancy points to a central issue in the literature: the relationship between re-arrest and rehospitalization. 124 One of the primary strengths of psychiatric 52 After the Insanity Defense review boards is the efficient revocation of releases. If a person appears to be decompensating, trained personnel can swiftly re-hospitalize the person without having to pass through the normal bureaucratic pathways. Within an effective conditional release program, acquittees’ symptoms are monitored regularly in order to intervene before escalating problems place both the acquittee and the community in danger.