By J. Waterworth
Regardless of the familiarity of wish in human adventure, it's a phenomenon from time to time thought of from a philosophical perspective. This e-book charts the centrality of desire in concept and motion from first, moment and 3rd individual views. From daily occasions to severe conditions of trial and endings in lifestyles, the contours of wish are given a phenomenological description and subjected to conceptual research. This continuously secular account of desire sheds a special mild on questions of organisation and which means.
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But when we go beyond this and consider whether there is much or little prospect of our getting what we desire, then whatever points to the former excites hope in us, and whatever points to the latter excites anxiety [ . . ] When hope is extreme, it changes its nature and is called ‘confidence’ or ‘assurance’ just as, on the other hand, extreme anxiety becomes despair. 22 As was noted in Chapter 1, hope admits of degrees, either in respect of its desiderative aspect, or in respect of its estimative aspect.
But one may hope for it to continue in the longer term. Such hope could and would modify conduct and practices. In the case of health and ageing, for example, it may be most appropriate to speak of approximating an objective of hope rather than fulfilling it. 4 Objectives and objects I have written consistently of the objectives of hope and objects of despair, and I will conclude this chapter by making explicit my reasons for doing so. What is going on when a hoper hopes is that she hopes to stand in a certain relation to a state of affairs in the world, be it social or natural, in the future.
20 Before leaving this point, let us first look briefly at a more serious counterclaim that might be given in the following form. If we look back in history, then objectives which could only be imagined at one time subsequently became possible, therefore objectives of hope, and eventually became real, as did the power of (assisted) flight for human beings. A question could be asked as to whether the power of flight became real because it was hoped for, or, did the power of flight become an appropriate objective of hope once a glimmer of its possibility arose in material terms?