By Daniel Sivan
Ugaritic, chanced on in 1929, is a North-West Semitic language, documented on clay pills (about 1250 texts) and dated from the interval among the 14th and the twelfth centuries B.C.E. The records are of assorted kinds: literary, administrative, lexicological. a number of Ugaritic drugs include parts of a poetic cycle relating the Ugaritic pantheon. one other half, the executive files make clear the association of Ugarit, therefore contributing vastly to our realizing of the heritage and tradition of the biblical and North-West Semitic global. this crucial reference paintings, a revised and translated variation of the author's Hebrew e-book (Beer Sheva, 1993), offers with the phonology, morphology and syntax of Ugaritic. The ebook comprises additionally an appendix with textual content decisions.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik)
E. s. ; cf. discussions inza, pp. e. the yqtl0 forms of verbs with final aleph), viz. 18 IV,24). 'U 3 ' CHAPTER TWO PHONOLOGY General Remarkc The pronunciation of the consonants in Ugaritic is determined by comparison with other Semitic languages (the pronunciation of classical Arabic, Hebrew and its various traditions, and Syriac in its eastern tradition). For several consonants there is no consistency among the Semitic languages and in such cases it is impossible to reach any clear decision regarding the cognate Ugaritic consonants.
This is noted in the discussion of the various dual forms. This page intentionally left blank CHAPTER ONE ORTHOGRAPHY The Ugaritic alphabet contains 30 cuneiform signs which express 27 consonantal phonemes. g. 17). The following are the cuneiform signs according to that order as found in those texts with their equivalents in Latin characters and the accepted diacritical marks below: T i s h UTf S U E w r ~ 9 - f d ~ h TTT "Iw 1 m _ d n z ht I(: Y C s 1. Scholars have long since noted the resemblance and the differences between the order of the letters in the Ugaritic and the Hebrew alphabets (cf.
G. 123,22; cf. Grondahl 1967:22). In these instances there may be a case of dissimilation, that is, the consonant p differentiated from the following voiceless consonant (s, h or t ) and became voiced. 4 V,32). It is hard to explain the first form as a scribal error because the signs for mem and lamed are so dissimilar (cf. Albright 1950a:387; Fronzaroli 195557). 1 19,3) it may be that in the first word there is a dissimilation from *b bt (cf. Ug 7, p. 31). 11,5 and elsewhere) can be compared to Biblical Hebrew Pug.